Home Eco-Photo Explorers Antigua: Lord Horatio Nelson’s Island

Antigua: Lord Horatio Nelson’s Island

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Coral outcroppings host myriad marine life

Article and photos by Eco-Photo Explorers
Christopher P. Weaver and Michael Salvarezza

Scuba Divers travelling to the Caribbean often end up on islands steeped in diving lore: The Cayman Islands, Bonaire, The US Virgin islands and the British Virgin Islands are a few of these. Of course, all of the islands in this part of the world boast coral reefs and colorful marine life, and on a recent visit to Antigua, we were able to confirm that this is yet another location to be added to diver wish lists.

Nelson’s Harbor view from above – courtesy Eco-Photo Explorers

Antigua is the largest of the British Leeward Islands (108 sq. miles) and enjoys world renown amongst knowledgeable sailors, due largely to its rich nautical history. Lord Horatio Nelson based his fleet here during colonial times and visitors to English Harbor on the southeast side of the island can visit Nelson’s Dockyard, a carefully restored example of British Georgian architecture. During the annual “Sailing Week”, hundreds of yachts can be seen crowding this harbor with competitors swapping stories of sailing and carousing, each tale growing larger and larger as the week goes on.

Antigua likes to boast of its 366 public beaches, “one for each day of the year with one left over”.  We were not able to confirm the number, but we can vouch for the beauty of some of these beaches. After a day of diving on the nearby reefs, a cooling breeze beneath a swaying palm tree in front of a setting tropical sun is the perfect way to ease into the night.

The scuba diving in Antigua is often conducted on colorful reefs in 20-70 feet of water. Because of the proximity of good sites on both the Eastern and Western sides of the island, there is always a protected area to dive when the winds kick up. One of the best places to begin your underwater exploration is on the many dive sites of Cade’s Reef.

Cade’s Reef is a barrier reef running parallel to the southwest coast, roughly 20 minutes from Jolly Beach and 50 minutes from St. John’s. The reef is actually divided into an outer area and a more protected inner section.  Not unexpectedly, the outer reef area is subject to more wave action but divers here will often glimpse barracuda, moray eels and an occasion Eagle Ray. Also, divers can expect to find Nurse Sharks under the coral ledges and reef sharks patrolling the coral heads in search of prey. When the ocean conditions are too rough for diving the outer reef, the inner reef is generally more protected and here divers can see large amounts of hard and soft coral, angelfish and spotted drum. Bush Gardens, Bluff Cut and Snapper Ledge are some of the best spots along this reef. At Monk’s Head, we encountered a fairly large octopus curiously wandering the reef in broad daylight and our 8-legged friend permitted several portraits to be taken before he scurried away into the darkened recesses of a coral head.

Approximately 7 miles off the West Coast of Antigua and 50 minutes by boat from St. John’s is the Ariadne Shoal. Although the dive sites here rarely dip deeper than 50 feet, divers can expect to find bigger fish here than on most Antigua dive sites. Turtles, Nurse Sharks, and Blacktip reef Sharks are seen on these sites, along with large schools of grunts and snappers. Ming’s Bank, The Cave, Grunts and the Zurich Train Station are some of the named sites of this shoal.

Glasseye Snapper can be found under coral overhangs – courtesy Eco-Photo Explorers

At the entrance to St. John’s Harbor is Sandy Island. This tiny island is surrounded by reefs and outcroppings of rock that are home to brilliantly colored corals, sea fans and gorgonians, along with multitudes of reef fish. If divers venture away from the corals into the sandy patches nearby, stingrays can often be found along with communities of shy Garden Eels. These tentative animals live in tubes burrowed into the sand, and can generally be seen with their heads sticking out of the sand swaying in the water. Unless very careful and silent, approaching divers will cause these eels to disappear into the sand instantly. Some of the dive sites at Sandy Island include The Ledge, Jewel Box and The Barge.

Other favorite dive sites around the island include Green Island and Bird Island, the latter being a national park. These are enticing locations on the eastern side of the island.

There are some good wrecks in Antigua’s clear waters, the most accessible being the wreck of the Andes. This is a schooner than ran aground at the entrance to Deep Bay, off Five Islands Peninsula. From the nearby cliffs, visitors can see the outline of the ship breaking the surface.

A collection of Feather Dusters – courtesy Eco-Photo Explorers

In 2017, Hurricane Irma carved a path of destruction through the Caribbean and this monster storm death a terrible blow to nearby Barbuda. The extraordinary devastation on the small island of Barbuda was shocking because its sister-island, Antigua, located only about 40 miles away, was practically unscathed.

Although Antigua managed to escape the punishing destruction from of Hurricane Irma, there were a few cases of some damage to infrastructure. Powerlines, the boardwalk at the cruise facility, and a few hotels were some of the affected areas. However, with rapid recovery efforts, the island became fully operational shortly after the storm passed. The main airport was closed for a day and half but did not sustain any lasting damage. And Barbuda, as well, has made significant progress in repairs and recovery.

The beauty of Antigua can be found above the water as well – courtesy Eco-Photo Explorers

Visitors to the islands can once again enjoy the beauty of these islands.

Antigua, admittedly, does not offer the dramatic walls of the Cayman Islands. Nor does it have the wild critter diving of St. Vincent. But the coral reefs do boast healthy populations of brain and elk coral, with a parade of marine life winding through the pillars, coral cuts and canyons to entertain the discerning diver.

And with 366 beaches to explore, the diving here is a perfect accent to a delightful escape from the “real world”. Horatio Nelson knew a good thing when he saw it!

About Eco-Photo Explorers:
Michael Salvarezza & Christopher P. Weaver 

Michael Salvarezza and Christopher Weaver have been diving the waters the world since 1978. In that time, they have spent thousands of hours underwater and have accumulated a large and varied library of photo- graphic images. They have presented their work in many multi-media slide presentations, and have appeared previously at Beneath the Sea, the Boston Sea Rovers Underwater Clinic, Ohio ScubaFest and Our World Underwater. Mike and Chris have been published more than 125 articles in numerous magazines, including National Geographic Adventure, and have authored numerous articles for the majority of the dive publica- tions the world over. Their work has also been used to support a number of research and educational programs, including the Jason Project for Education, the Atlantis Marine World Aquarium in New York, The New York Harbor School Billion Oyster Project, The Northeast Ocean Planning Rec- reation Survey and the Cambridge University and the University of Gron- ingen Arctic Centre work on monitoring the transformation of historic features in Antarctica and Svalbard. Mike and Chris are the Executive Producers of the annual Long Island Divers Association (LIDA) Film Festival. www.ecophotoexplorers.com